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Technical Glossary: S

Term Index


Programs that are text files with lines of instructions for a script interpreter to follow. Scripts are often used to automate common procedures (like a DOS batch file runs a common set of DOS commands). Scripts can also be used for programming logic in Web browsers (like JavaScript and VBScript) or on the web server (CGI scripts and Active Server Pages).

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Search Engine

A site on the Internet that maintains a database of web sites that you can search. There are many sites available -- like Yahoo, Infoseek, AltaVista, Excite, etc -- each of which have differnet features depending on your needs.

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Self-Extracting Executable

A compressed file archive (usually ZIP file format) that has been converted into a program that will automatically uncompress all files within the compressed file without the use of special decompression software. This is especially nice for distributing software over the Internet and does not require users to use another program to extract the files. Self-Extracting Executables often have the .exe file extension.

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Server Errors

Errors that occur on the web site. Many of these problems are the result of poorly programed scripts or too much traffic on the web site.

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Commercial software that is distributed for free for the purpose of allowing users to "try" before they "buy" the software. Most shareware programs have some sort of "nag" screen system or expiration date to "encourage" users to register/buy the software. Shareware is different from demoware in that most shareware products are not "crippled" or limited from the retail version (except for nag screens and expiration dates). Shareware is differnet from freeware in that shareware requires payment after the evaluation period has expired or one is required to stop using the software.

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A small text file that is appended to every outgoing e-mail message. This file usually about 4 lines long and contains basic information that should at the end of every e-mail sent out (Name, Phone numbers, e-mail address, Internet address, etc).

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Simple Mail Transfer Protocol. A SMTP server transfers mail to it's final destination.

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(1) The practice of sending large numbers of unsolicited, commercial e-mail messages or newsgroup postings. (2) The actual spammed message. Also known as "junk e-mail".

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Also known as Robots. Automated scripts or programs that follow links on web sites to index large sections of the World Wide Web. One can keep spiders out of private areas with a standard robots.txt file.

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Secure Socket Layer. A protocol that enables the sending and receiving encryted messages or data to prevent hackers from gaining access to sensitive information.

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Subscription Site

A web site that requires a fee to view content (all or some). Many online magazines require subscriptions to view special stories or access back issues.

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Suffix (Domain Name)

The last part of the domain name. Either a 2-character country code (.us, .fr, .mx, etc) or a generic three-character extension (.com, .net, .gov, .org, .mil, etc).

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Last Updated: Thursday, March 25, 1999

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